Gynecological Issues Specialist

Heidi Oster, MD, PC

OB-GYN located in Lone Tree, CO

Gynecological issues affect women of all ages and backgrounds, whether you’re post-menopausal or a young pre-teen (a first visit to the OB/GYN should be between the ages of 13 and 15, and HPV vaccines are recommended at age 11 or 12). It’s especially important to ask questions about these issues and feel comfortable with your gynecologist. Dr. Heidi Oster in Lone Tree, Colorado, provides a safe and welcoming space for women of all ages, offering expert diagnosis and treatment for a variety of gynecological issues.

Gynecological Issues Q & A

What are some common gynecological issues and symptoms?

Gynecological issues are problems related to the female reproductive organs, including:

  • breasts
  • ovaries
  • fallopian tubes
  • uterus
  • cervix
  • external genitalia.

Some of the most common gynecological symptoms include:

  • abnormal vaginal bleeding
  • changes in vaginal discharge
  • vaginal itching or burning
  • pain during intercourse
  • pelvic pain.

What can cause pelvic pain?

Pelvic pain can be caused by non-gynecological issues such as colon or intestinal issues, or appendicitis, but when pelvic pain is stemming from your reproductive organs, it can be caused by:

    • Adenomyosis - When tissue of the endometrium, or lining of the uterus, grows into the muscular wall of the uterus.
    • Endometriosis - When the tissue of endometrium, or lining of the uterus, grows on the outside of the uterus.
    • Ovarian cysts - Fluid-filled or solid sacs growing on or within an ovary. Many women have cysts, and they often disappear without treatment.
    • Uterine fibroids - Muscular growths on the uterus. These rarely turn into cancer and do not mean that you have a higher chance of getting uterine cancer.

  • Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) - Infection of the uterus, fallopian tubes, or ovaries, usually from sexually transmitted bacteria spreading up from the vagina.
  • Ovarian cancer

Menstrual cramps and discomfort from ovulation can also cause pelvic pain. If you’re pregnant, other possibilities include ectopic, or tubal pregnancy, or miscarriage. Since there are several causes of pelvic pain, it’s a good idea to book a consultation with Dr. Oster so she can help diagnose the issue.

What are the most common STDs and when should I get tested?

An important part of gynecological health is knowing how to prevent sexually transmitted diseases and getting tested. Dr. Oster makes it easy for you to be open and honest with her about your sexual history, so she can help you prevent STDs and treat them if necessary.

The most common STD is human papillomavirus (HPV); in fact, most sexually active adults will get one type of HPV in their lifetime. Most people never get symptoms, and nine out of 10 infections will go away on their own after two years. However, certain types of HPV can cause cancer, genital warts, and other diseases so that it can be severe. HPV is detected through Pap tests and HPV testing. There's also a vaccine for HPV, which Dr. Oster recommends for all young women through the age of 26.

For other STDs, the CDC recommends the following screening recommendations:

  • Chlamydia and gonorrhea: once a year for sexually active women under 25, as well as for older women with risk factors like new or multiple partners.
  • HIV: All adults ages 13 to 64 at least once.

Book a consultation with Dr. Oster if you have questions about STDs, testing, or other sexual health issues.